Sector Profile

Sector Profile

The modern era of Jamaica's mining sector began with the discovery of high grade bauxite in 1938 and the subsequent establishment of bauxite mining and refining operations by major North American aluminum companies.  According to the Jamaica Bauxite Institute (JBI), the first shipment of bauxite left Jamaica in 1952, and by 1957 the country became the leading bauxite producer in the world.

The local Mining and Quarrying sector is mainly driven by bauxite and alumina, which generate the most revenue for the sector. However, the sector has become more diversified over the years with the emergence of non-metallic minerals such as limestone, silica sand, marble, marl and fill, and clay. 

JAMPRO, through funding from the Centre for the Development of Enterprise (CDE), has incepted the Limestone Marketing Initiative Project to identify unexplored limestone opportunities. Findings from research conducted by Conrad Douglas and Associates Limited indicate that the country can earn up to US$7 billion annually through increased production of limestone and its value-added items for the local and exports markets. The research also revealed that the industry offers tremendous opportunities for investors in agriculture, food processing and manufacturing.

The Mining & Quarrying sector is served by an experienced and highly competent cadre of professionals with expertise in construction, mapping, surveying, aerial photography and engineering, among other disciplines. Equipment such as tractors, excavators, trucks, safety gear and cranes are readily available for hire, and JAMPRO can connect you with suitable companies.


  • In 2011 there was a 20% increase in real value added to the sector, the first positive change since the onset of the global economic recession. This resulted from higher production of alumina and crude bauxite in response to improved global demand. Demand for quarry materials production increased by 25%.
  • The sector has consistently generated the highest export values for the country over the last ten years, primarily from bauxite, alumina and gypsum. In 2012, exports of these products accounted for 37% of the country’s export values and mainly supplied markets in Russia, Canada, Slovakia and Slovenia.
  • The sector currently employs 4,800 persons on average and records high labour productivity due to its capital intensity and advanced technology. Large establishments in the sector provide some of the highest wages compared with other sectors.
  • The mining sector provides jobs for several local linkage industries/businesses such as engineering, fuel and lubricant suppliers, and auto mechanical companies.
  • Additionally, the sector heavily supports the construction industry, which relies on the sector’s output to remain vibrant.





Ricardo Durrant
Email : | Tel : 876-978-7755 ext 2230
Mobile : 876-382-6613